Iran: Annual report on the death penalty 2017

IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS (MARCH 13, 2018): The 10th annual report on the death penalty in Iran by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and ECPM shows that in 2017 at least 517 people were executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 
This number is comparable with the execution figures in 2016 and confirms the relative reduction in the use of the death penalty compared to the period between 2010 and 2015. 
Nevertheless, with an average of more than one execution every day and more than one execution per one million inhabitants in 2017, Iran remained the country with the highest number of executions per capita.
2017 Annual Report at a Glance:
At least 517 people were executed in 2017, an average of more than one execution per day111 executions (21%) were announced by official sources.Approximately 79% of all executions included in the 2017 report, i.e. 406 executions, were not announced by the authorities.At least 240 people (46% of all executions) were executed for murder charges - 98 more than in 2016.At le…

Final appeal for Brit, 78, wrongfully jailed in Florida

Krishna ‘Kris’ Maharaj
Krishna ‘Kris’ Maharaj
An elderly British citizen has filed a final appeal against his wrongful conviction in Florida 30 years ago, which saw him sentenced to death.

Krishna ‘Kris’ Maharaj, a 78-year old British businessman, was arrested in the US in 1986 and sentenced to death. He has spent three decades in prison, despite compelling evidence of his innocence, collected by his lawyer at international human rights organization Reprieve. 

The US courts commuted his death sentence in 2002, but have dismissed subsequent evidence suggesting he was framed. 

Since Mr Maharaj’s original conviction, six people affiliated with a Colombian drug cartel have said they committed the murders for which he was sentenced to death. Mr Maharaj’s final appeal to the US federal courts was filed earlier this month, and asks for this new evidence to be heard.

Mr Maharaj and his MP, Conservative Sir Peter Bottomley, have asked the UK Government to submit a so-called ‘amicus’ briefing to the court, supporting Mr Maharaj’s request to be given the opportunity to demonstrate his innocence. 

However, the Foreign Secretary, Boris Johnson, has declined to submit such a briefing. In a letter sent in December, the Foreign Office said: “The Minister does not think it is appropriate to do so on this occasion”, and did not give any further reasoning.

The decision appears to be at odds with previous UK actions in US legal cases. Three years ago, the Foreign Office commissioned four lawyers from an international law firm to intervene on behalf of oil giant BP, in litigation surrounding the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, because the case “implicates the rights of one of the United Kingdom’s largest companies”.

The appeal for Mr Maharaj is filed amid concerns for his wellbeing. Last month, he was hospitalised for several weeks after becoming seriously ill with a rare skin condition. Mr Maharaj is already confined to a wheelchair, after he contracted a similar illness in 2011.

Clive Stafford Smith, Reprieve’s founder and Mr Maharaj’s pro bono lawyer for 23 years, said: 

“We now have no fewer than six cartel associates saying they did the murder for which Kris Maharaj was originally sentenced to death. The terrible possibility is that the US federal court will not allow us a hearing, based on the bizarre laws that govern such applications. I hope we can persuade them, but the injustice Kris has faced for three decades is why he and I are both so upset that Boris Johnson refused to intervene on his behalf. After all, what is a British passport for?”

  • The Foreign Office's letter to Reprieve is available here
  • Further detail on Kris Maharaj’s case is available at the Reprieve website, here.

Source: Reprieve, February 14, 2017

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